The Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model is defined by the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) as a comprehensive, integrated, public health approach to the delivery of early intervention and treatment services. The primary goal of SBIRT is to identify and intervene with patients who are at a moderate or high risk for psychosocial or other healthcare problems related to their substance use. The program design is guided by the need to reduce both harmful and hazardous substance use, as well as related healthcare costs. The use of universal screening in SBIRT provides immediate “rule out” of those who do not use substances; identification of levels of risk; identification of patients who would benefit from a brief awareness-raising conversation; and identification of patients who would benefit from higher levels of care such as substance use disorder treatment.
South Carolina’s SC SBIRT initiative is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by SAMHSA that began in August 2013. SC SBIRT has three primary goals: